Procedure for comparison of the hottest tobacco le

2022-08-06
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The procedure of tobacco commodity package comparison (I) initial flue-cured tobacco packaging

initial flue-cured tobacco is basically packaged. The whole packaging procedure is as follows:

packing → weighing → card placing → packing → unpacking → rope binding → sewing → marking

1. Packing. Put the box skin and the bottom mat (linen) in the right place, hold the cigarette handle with both hands, 5 ~ 7 for each bundle, and put them into the bag box. The cigarette handle shall be tightened to the side of the top box outward. The long blades can be placed at both ends of the box, and the short blades can be placed at both sides. They shall be placed upright and flat, and shall be pressed circularly. The thickness shall be uniform to prevent unevenness. When packing, use the foot pedal to compact, and do not directly step on the tobacco to prevent damage. Note that the blade tips must be connected without gaps to avoid mutual friction and loss

if the recycled old foreskin is used, it should be checked. If it is damaged, it should be repaired before reuse. At the same time, it should be noted that the shipping mark on the wrapper must be consistent with the packing grade. It shall not be used if the handwriting is unclear or the surrounding marks are inconsistent. When the packing of a grade is completed, the remaining linen shall be handed over to the brushing personnel to avoid random pulling and using, resulting in wrong grade and wrong number

in the process of packing, if the grade is inconsistent, the moisture content exceeds the limit and the tobacco is moldy and deteriorated, it shall be removed immediately and properly handled. Always clean the cigarette handle and tobacco leaf around the box skin to prevent crushing. Broken smoke shall not be intentionally mixed into the box, and the natural crushing rate shall not exceed 1%

2. Weighing. The tobacco leaves are weighed after being boxed. In order to ensure the accuracy and accuracy of measurement, it is strictly prohibited to freeze the scale. The scale shall be maintained and calibrated frequently. Each time the scale is moved, it must be calibrated again. After the tobacco leaves are packaged, the weight error shall not exceed ± 0.25kg of the standard

when weighing, check whether the packed cigarette stack is qualified and whether there is a "three person card" (grader, weigher and warehouse keeper). If it does not meet the requirements, it can be weighed only after it is sorted out and qualified

3. Pressure package. After the tobacco leaves are packed, whether the pressing thickness is appropriate or not will directly affect the quality of the tobacco leaves. Generally, the tobacco leaves with good quality and large moisture content have low pressure resistance and too tight compression, which is easy to cause injury to the tobacco leaves and easy to produce oil and caking. If the tobacco leaf with poor quality and low moisture content is compressed too loosely, the tobacco bag is easy to lose moisture and increase fragmentation. It is reported that the packing thickness of cigarette packs with a net weight of 60kg should be 45cm for high-grade cigarettes, 40cm for medium grade cigarettes and 35 ~ 38cm for low-grade cigarettes

the operator shall strictly control the pressure of the package, and the stack that does not meet the standard shall be returned for reforming, and the package can be pressed only after it is qualified. The cover sheet (linen) shall be placed properly to prevent deviation from one end or one side, which may affect the quality of the package

operate in strict accordance with the packaging specifications to ensure that the qualified rate of finished cigarette packets is more than 90% and strive to reach 100%. A specially assigned person shall be assigned to start the machine, and the machine shall not be started by non start-up personnel. Concentrate during operation to ensure safe production

4. Binding. Includes beltline and seams. When binding the waist rope, it is required to be tied tightly and tightly. For the "grindstone bag" with hypertrophic inclusion body or one end thick and one end thin, it shall be reworked and reformed. When sewing the seam, the stitches shall be uniform, with two stitches in the small space, three stitches in the large space and four stitches in the corner to ensure no smoke

it is strictly prohibited to use plastic, nylon and other chemical fiber materials in the sewing and wrapping rope to prevent peculiar smell during the fermentation and moisture regain of tobacco leaves, which may affect the quality of tobacco leaves, or mixed with cut tobacco during the cigarette manufacturing process, which may affect the smoking quality of cigarettes

the harness rope and mouth rope used shall be kept well and shall not be pulled or used indiscriminately. After the completion of daily packaging, the remaining materials shall be returned to the keeper

5. Mark. After the tobacco leaves are packaged, the Lingtou mark shall be painted on the front and both ends of the tobacco bag. The handwriting should be clear and tidy. When brushing, the words of which grade and brand should be used. Do not use the words that play a leading role in other products, such as grade and simplified words. The painting shall be stable and flat, and shall not be sloppy. If the linen is recycled, the tobacco leaves of the same grade can be repackaged according to the original grade mark on the linen, and no shipping mark is required. If the original shipping mark grade is inconsistent with the grade of tobacco leaf to be packed, the old Lingtou must be removed to avoid the inconsistency of marks and confusion

(II) packaging of flue-cured tobacco

in the process of commodity circulation, flue-cured tobacco generally goes through long-distance transportation and long-term storage due to difficult recovery. Therefore, its packaging quality and specification requirements are stricter than those of the initial flue-cured tobacco. In particular, the export of tobacco leaves has to go through many operations, especially its packaging

1. Promote the development of cigarette packaging in the new material industry. There are three types of packaging for export cigarettes: packaging, barrel packaging and box packaging. The box packing is only for the exported stemmed blades

(1) packaging. The net weight of each package is 75kg, and the volume after packaging is 85 × sixty × 4Ocm。 Each package is made of two pieces of woven linen, lined with two pieces of mats, and the innermost layer is lined with two pieces of kraft paper weighing 80g/m2. After wrapping, five pieces of cooked red hemp ropes (weighing about 0.5kg) shall be used to bind firmly in three horizontal and two vertical directions, and the foreskin shall be stretched and connected. Then use fine hemp rope to sew the foreskin. The stitches of the sewing bag should be tight, with 5 stitches at the four corners, 6 stitches at both ends, and 8 stitches at both sides. A total of 48 stitches. It is required that the length of the two ends of the gastric cord shall not exceed 25mm, and the left end of the oral cord shall not be longer than 10mm, and the knot shall be tied. There are no handles, hair leaves, sundries, etc. in the bag

the packing mark shall be clear and correct. The mark shall be black with 5cm high and 4cm wide. The distance between the shipping mark and the edge of the sack is 5 ~ 10cm. The batch number is in the lower left corner and the grade code is in the lower right corner

(2) barreled. The net weight of each barrel is 250kg, the diameter of the barrel is 1m, and the height is 0.98M. It is made of Chinese fir, with consistent shape and no deformation. The barrel is lined with kraft paper. The water content of the barrel shall not exceed 10% to avoid wetting the tobacco leaves. The barrel Board shall be smooth, not bent, and free from scabs, moths and decay. The connection between the barrel plates shall be tight without gaps. The iron hoops at the top and bottom of the barrel and the iron wire in the middle of the barrel must be fastened firmly without looseness

when loading the barrel, hold the middle of the tobacco leaf with both hands and scatter the tobacco handle into a fan. It shall be spread evenly, leveled in layers, and close to the barrel skin with a cigarette handle. There shall be no socket handle, socket head and uneven length. After capping, 24 ~ 30 steel nails shall be nailed to each barrel, and the shipping mark shall be painted on both ends of the barrel

(3) packed in boxes. The exported stemmed blades are uniformly packed in C4 cartons. Carton inner diameter 1098 × six hundred and seventy-two × 705mm, OD 1115 × six hundred and ninety × 725mm, there are seven layers of lunch box bottom box and cover box, and one base plate is added at the top and bottom respectively. The net weight of the cigarette is 200kg, and the weight tolerance is ± 0.4%. Four straps per box. The year, place of origin and batch number shall be painted 10cm from the upper left corner of the carton, and the grade code shall be painted on the upper right corner. The packing shall be neat, the four corners shall be filled, and the thickness shall be uniform

2. Packaging of domestic re flue-cured tobacco packaging of domestic re flue-cured tobacco includes: packaging and packing

(1) the package Vickers hardness test is similar. The packaging specification and quality requirements of domestic re baked tobacco are the same as those of export re baked tobacco, except that the packaging materials are coarse linen or recycled woven linen, with two pieces in each package, lined with a layer of mats. The marking method is the same as that of the initial flue-cured tobacco

in order to ensure the quality of flue-cured tobacco after packaging, the pressure package thickness varies according to different quality grades. It is reported that the upper grade smoke is 40 ~ 42m, the medium smoke is 38 ~ 40cm, and the lower grade smoke is 36 ~ 38cm

(2) box loading: the same as the export cigarette box

(III) packaging of sun cured tobacco

the production areas of sun cured tobacco in China are scattered and the quantity of commodities is small; In addition, due to the influence of climate and other conditions, there are great differences in tobacco quality and commodity volume. Therefore, the packaging specifications and quality standards are not unified. Generally, it is used for drying tobacco for external transfer, and its packaging specifications and requirements are the same as those for initial flue-cured tobacco. For self-sufficient or free market drying tobacco, it can be simply bundled and put into plastic bags. The weight of each bundle depends on the actual needs

source: China tobacco market

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